Parts of Speech Most Important MCQS, PAST PAPER

English

Lecture No. 01

Parts of Speech

Crash Course

 

 

Parts of Speech Most Important MCQS, PAST PAPER
Parts of Speech Most Important MCQS, PAST PAPER 

1

Parts of Speech

Words are divided into different kinds or classes, called Parts of Speech, according to their use; that is, according to the work they do in a sentence. The parts of speech are eight in number:-

 

1-Noun

2-Conjunction

3-Pronoun

4-Interjection

5-Adjective

6-Verb

7-Preposition

8-Adverb

Noun

A Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing is called Noun.

For Example

1.            Akbar was a great King.

2.            The rose smells sweet.

3.            The sun shines bright.

  Note: The word thing includes;

i.             All objects that we Sense , hear, taste, touch, or smell

ii.            Something that we can think of, but cannot perceive by the senses

 

 

Another (more complicated) way of recognizing a noun is by its:

1.            Ending

2.            Position

3.            Function

Noun ending

There are certain word endings that show that a word is a noun, for example:

             -ity → nationality           

             -ment → appointment

             -ness → happiness

             -ation → relation

             -hood → childhood

Position in sentence

             We can often recognize a noun by its position in the sentence.

             Nouns often come after a determiner (a determiner is a word like a, an, the, this, my, such):

•a relief              

•an afternoon  

• this word

•my house

•such stupidity

Nouns often come after one or more adjectives:

             a great relief

             a peaceful afternoon

             the tall, Indian doctor

             this difficult word

             my brown and white house

             such crass stupidity

Nouns have certain functions (jobs) in a sentence, for example:

             subject of verb: Doctors work hard.

             object of verb: He likes coffee. 

             subject and object of verb: Teachers teach students.

 

1.Common Nouns

2.Proper Nouns

3.Concrete Nouns

4.Abstract Nouns

5. Countable Nouns

6.Uncountable Nouns     

7.Collective Nouns

8.Compound Nouns

 

1. Common Noun:-Most nouns are common nouns. Common nouns refer to people, places and things in general like chair or dog. Any noun that is not a name is a common noun.

Examples: teacher, car, music, danger, receipt.

i.             Have you seen my dog?

ii.            The books are on your desk.

iii.           The pursuit of happiness.           

iv.           My friend joined me for dinner at the restaurant.

2. The Proper Nouns:- Names of people, places or organizations are proper nouns. Your name is a proper noun. London is a proper noun. United Nations is a proper noun.

Rule: Proper nouns always start with a capital letter.

Examples: Jane, Thailand, Sunday, James Bond, Einstein, Superman, Game of Thrones, Shakespeare. i. Let me introduce you to Mary. ii. The capital of Italy is Rome.

iii.           He is the chairman of the British Broadcasting Corporation.

iv.           I was born in November.

3. Concrete Nouns:- Concrete nouns are physical things that you can touch.

Examples: man, rice, head, car, furniture, mobile phone

i.                    How many stars are there in universe? ii. Have you met James Bond?

ii.                   iii. Pour the water down the drain.

4.            Abstract Noun:- Abstract nouns are the opposite of concrete nouns. They are things that you cannot touch. Abstract nouns are ideas, concepts and feelings.

Examples: happiness, courage, danger, truth

i.             He has great strength.

ii.            Who killed President Kennedy is a real mystery.

i.             Sometimes it takes courage to tell the truth.

ii.            Their lives were full of sadness.

5. Countable Nouns:- You can count countable nouns. Countable nouns have singular and

plural forms.     

Examples: ball, boy, cat, person

i. I have only five dollars.

ii.            The Earth was formed 4.6 billion years ago. iii. There are lots of people but we don't have a car.

6. Uncountable Nouns:- You cannot count uncountable nouns. You need to use "measure

words" to quantify them.

Rule: We never use uncountable nouns with the indefinite article (a/an). Uncountable nouns are always singular.

 

A pronoun is a word that can replace a noun in a sentence.

Pronoun list

 Him

 He     It        You

             I

             Something

             They

          Nobody

             We

             Who     

Pronoun Examples

             The following examples show how we use pronouns in sentences.

             We looked for Sara at her house, but she wasn’t there.

             I took my car to the mechanic to get it fixed. • This is the best birthday ever!

             Someone donated $500 to our charity.

             Samar thinks that mayonnaise goes well with anything.

1) Possessive Pronouns

A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that is used to express ownership or possession.

For example :- The word hers is a possessive pronoun in the sentence ”Samina noticed that Ali’s dog was bigger than hers.” The word hers indicates that “Samina’s dog” (the noun phrase being replaced by  the word hers) belongs to Samina.

List of Possessive Pronouns:-    

There are a bunch of“ possessive pronouns that you can use, which can be either singular or plural.

1.mine

2.yours

3.            Hers

 

4.            His

5.            Its

6.            Theirs

Plural possessive Pronouns        Let’s see if Ali’s arm is longer than yours.

A possessive pronoun is plural if it refers to more (Changedinto Singular Pronoun) than one person or thing. Plural possessive• Examples of Plural possessive pronouns:pronouns include.

 

             Sara’s party was great, but just wait until she comes

             Our’sto our party.

             Theirs   Sara’s party was great, but just wait until she comes

• Yours to ours. (Changed into Plural Pronoun)

 

Examples of possessive Singular pronouns:- • This is my cookie pile, and that one is the one for all of you.

             That is her car and this one here is my car.

             This is my cookie pile, and that one is yours.

             That       is             her         car          and        this        one        here      is             mine.

(Changed into Plural Pronoun) (Changed into Singular Pronoun)

             Let’s see if Ali’s arm is longer than your arm

2) Personal Pronoun

             A personal pronoun is a pronoun typically used to refer to a speaker or to the people or things that a speaker is referring to. Often, personal pronouns are used to replace proper names as in Sania went to bed early because she (Sania) worked hard today.

             Like        all           other     pronouns,           personalCrash Course For AD & pronouns            only       replace INSnounsPECTOR and    not         other     parts      of            speech,

like verbs or adjectives.

             List of personal pronouns            Burhan Akram

             pronouns to refer to a single person/thing or many people/things.

               Singular personal pronouns

             A personal pronoun is singular if it refers to exactly one person or thing. The most commonly used singular personal pronouns are:-

1.            First person: I, me

2.            Second person: you

3.            Third person: she, her, he, him, it

Plural personal pronouns

A personalpronoun is plural if it refers to more than one person or thing. The most commonly used plural personal pronouns are:

1.            First person: we, us

2.            Second person: you

3. Third person: they, them

Singular personal pronouns Example

             I exercise every day.

             Ali has always been nice to me.

             Sania gave Ali a present and he gave one to her.

             You should brush your teeth regularly.

             An ant can lift something that weighs much more than it does.

Plural personal pronouns Example:-

1. We built a snowman. 2. The price of the jewelry surprised us.

3.            Ali’s  clothes were soaked after the car splashed them.

4.            The workers went on strike because they wanted higher pay.

5. The monkeys entertained the guests that came to see them.

 

 


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